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Wednesday, October 28, 2009

Long Range FM Transmitter Circuit

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This circuit is a circuit diagram fm transmitter. This circuit is somewhat different from the previous fm transmitter circuit. Transmitter circuit described here has the additional RF power amplifier stage, after the oscillator stage, to increase the power output of 200-250 milliwatts. With a good matching 50-ohm ground plane antenna or multi-element yagi antenna, this transmitter can provide a good enough signal strength to a distance of about 2 kilometers. The circuit built around transistor T1 (BF494) is the basic low-power variable-frequency VHF oscillator. A varicap diode circuit is included to change the frequency of the transmitter and to provide frequency modulation by audio signals. The output of the oscillator is about 50 milliwatts.
Transistor T2 (2N3866) forms a VHF-class power amplifier. This increases the oscillator signals’ power four to five times. Thus, 200-250 milliwatts of power produced at the collector of transistor T2. For better results, assemble the circuit on a good quality glass epoxy board and house the transmitter in the case of aluminum. Shield the oscillator stage using aluminum sheets. Transistor T2 must be mounted on the heat sink. Do not switch on the transmitter without a matching antenna. Adjust both trimmers (VC1 and VC2) for maximum transmission power. Adjust potentiometer VR1 to set the fundamental frequency near 100 MHz.

Coil winding details are given below:
L1 – 4 changes of 20 SWG wire close wound over 8mm diameter plastic former.
L2 – 2 changes of 24 SWG wire near top end of L1.
(Note: There is no core (ie air core) is used to coil on top)
L3 – 7 changed from 24 SWG wire close wound with 4mm diameter air core.
L4 – 7 changed from 24 SWG wire-wound on ferrite beads (choking)
Potentiometer VR1 is used to change the fundamental frequency whereas potentiometer VR2 is used as power control.

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